Trip to Nestos

Nestos : Escape to the great river

In the valley of Nestos are some of the most beautiful landscapes of Northern Greece. The old kapnochoria hiding tips , while the narrow canyon after Stavropol is a great monument and a promise for a memorable trip .

If you arrive at night Stavropol , will impress orange illuminated rock of St.Marina west of the village . With the light of day course you will discover a beautiful town located on the edge of the valley of Nestos .

   Περπατώντας στο παλιό μονοπάτι των στενών θα βλέπετε συχνά το τρένο να περνάει κάτω από τα πόδια σας.

Walking on the old trail will close often see the train passes under your feet .

The gardens are full of roses , chrysanthemums large , quince and stacks wood for heavy Thracian winter and if you come autumn will see large orange pumpkins to bask in the sun .
H Stavropol was always a crossroads: here esmigan roads connecting the Eastern Macedonia and Thrace . So I took the name Stavropol and left the oldest name in general. The Turkish name was , however , not only Turks living here .
In Genikioi  native Christian population existed  since the 16th century . It was Peter from West Macedonia and Epirus . With the years the composition of the population changed here and lived together harmoniously Greeks , Bulgarians and Turks .

H Σταυρούπολη, μεγάλη κωμόπολη χτισμένη στην κοιλάδα του Nέστου, ήταν για χρόνια το κέντρο μιας μεγάλης καπνοπαραγωγού περιοχής.
H Stavropol , a large town situated in the valley of Nestos , was for years the center of a major tobacco-growing areas .
H Stavropol , a large town situated in the valley of Nestos , was for years the center of a major tobacco-growing areas .
After 1922 the village came refugees from Pontus , Cappadocia , Pafra , Asia Minor . Since then began to spread the cultivation of tobacco in the region. H variety ” Pasman ” was that prevailed , as excellently adapted to the microclimate of the valley of Nestos .
The tobacco even became famous as ” Pasman I Gialesi ” ie Pasman from the valley of Nestos . As early as the years Stavropol ( like the other villages in the valley ) fare and Prosper . It’s worth going down the road that leads from the Stavropol Train Station . That road was once the commercial center of town , with warehouses , shops, cinema ‘ Helios ‘.
H hiking trail crosses Strait of Nestos magnificent landscapes .
H hiking trail crosses Strait of Nestos magnificent landscapes .
Somewhere in stores today only remind those years . At Stauroupoli live about 400 people and young people involved in agriculture , livestock and little alternative tourism .
O grave in Komnina
Located close to Stavropol and to Komnenos village revealed a remarkably preserved Macedonian tomb , while near the settlement revealed and which flourished from the 11th BC century to Byzantium . It is the largest and most impressive Macedonian tomb of Thrace , has street prothalamio and chamber are all marble , saves traces of painting , has death beds with head restraints ( ! ) And dates back to 150 BC ( phone 6945182229 guardian ) .
 Eνα από τα παλιά σπίτια της Σταυρούπολης.

ONE of the old houses of Stavropol .
Action at river
Enas of the most beautiful ways to experience the valley of Nestos is to cross it by train . It is one of the most beautiful parts of a trip by train to Greece . If you want to do only the best part of it is worth making the trip Stavropol – Toxotes . First, we will quickly cross the plain of Stavropol and then the train will lower speed as it enters the first tunnel and rammed in dense vegetation waders . The river disappears and xanafainetai outside your windows .

   Στο καφενείο της Σταυρούπολης. Aρκετοί νέοι της πόλης σήμερα ασχολούνται με τις εναλλακτικές μορφές τουρισμού.
In the cafe of Stavropol . Arketoi new city today dealing with alternative forms of tourism .

In the cafe of Stavropol . Arketoi new city today dealing with alternative forms of tourism .
Often drivers say in this piece in front of the train running deer and wild boar ! You come and go several times in the tunnels : railway say it is 30 but count together and structures to landslides ( defense say the arcades ) . The train passes through the station Livera and attitude Kromnikou through a dark green jungle ( will not stop though, as the two stations are not working ) . H holds good route just 18 minutes. An nice idea is to get them as Toxotes with Train and return to Stavropol making one of the best hikes in Thrace . Drive until Galani at the entrance of the Strait of Nestos and catch the famous narrow trail , which was built in the late 19th century to serve the workers constructing the railway.
Katavasi the narrow canoe
O Railroad station in Stavropol . From here to the Toxotes train crosses the famous Strait of Nestos .
O Railroad station in Stavropol . From here to the Toxotes train crosses the famous Strait of Nestos .
It is a unique way to witness the magnificent scenery of the Straits . From Stavropol as Galani estimate 4-5 hours . You can easily do all the time . The river is very safe , shallow and quiet of the most peaceful , ideal alternatives. Katavaseis canoeing , kayaking , rafting , in the Nestos organize around the time companies Riverland (25410-62488, www.riverland.gr) and Vistonis (2542022441, www.vistonis-travel.gr). ( Also organizes trekking , trails 4X4, climbing , mountaineering , mountain biking , etc. in Rodopi ) .
Knowing Nestochoria
Canoe in the strait of Nestos . The river is gentle and safe for almost all time .

  Kανό στα στενά του Nέστου. Tο ποτάμι είναι ήπιο και ασφαλές σχεδόν όλο τον χρόνο.
Canoe in the strait of Nestos . The river is gentle and safe for almost all time .
Located close to the river in the northwest end of the valley is Paranesti , a large town formerly named Mpoukia . From Paranesti can ascend over the banks into the dense vegetation and see unfamiliar villages , such as parks, the Lilac, the Halepas with little stone houses that maintain minimum anymore . The Neohori in the heart of the valley is a typical village of tobacco , formerly called Station Genikioi . There is still the old train station and a few taverns . Neochoritis descent (and later Minister of Agriculture ) was Alexander Mpaltatzis , the pioneer in setting up agricultural cooperatives in the valley of Nestos , which generated peak years in all the villages of the valley (the first in 1928 ) .
TH golden decade 1930-1940 the production of tobacco reached Nestochoria 1,000,000 kilos a year with approximately a pound oke ! H heyday lasted until 1958-59 , when he began importing and prevalence of tobacco Birtzinia . The locals were unable to digest the changes but blame and small agricultural clergy , which could not create dynamic cultures . Meanwhile, tobacco Birtzinia like many waters , which did not exist. With the collapse of the tobacco , the social fabric of villages dissolved . From 1940 to the 1991 census , the population in the area of ​​”I Gialesi ” (so called the valley of Nestos ) decreased by 75 % from 12,750 residents in 3,100 downloads ! All prices fell dramatically , villages began to empty and everyone fled immigrants , a move that culminated in the 80s .
O Railroad Station in Toxotes . From here the train continues in the great fertile valley of Nestos .
O Railroad Station in Toxotes . From here the train continues in the great fertile valley of Nestos .
Below Stavrochori quiet village with several old elderly migrants returning back anymore . And in the same Dafnona . As she wander in the villages of the valley you can go down near the river and admire the awesome scenery with its many trees and vegetation waders . In some places you might even see fishermen from nearby villages who fish the few with Briana Cast net and lifana .
View the narrow
On a hill just above the meandering Nestos , ascending from Galani arrive at the ” point of view “. H image is breathtaking , the river like a glossy snake makes way through the cliffs , and in front of you lies a panorama of the surrounding mountains : the Ampar Kagias , the Bald , the Basin , Pangeo the Bulgarian Pirin mountain , and below seems as though Thassos , the Athos , Samothrace .
The meandering Nestos , as seen from the view point .

The meandering Nestos , as seen from the view point .
History
H region of the valley of Nestos inhabited since the Bronze Age and the beginning of the descent and dispersal of the Thracian tribes in the peninsula of Aimou Nestos valley was settled by Sapa and Satres . Later , around the 5th BC century control of the area had Avdirites while Odrysoi dominated the valley , around the 4th BC century . The most famous kings was Kotys and Kersovleptis .
In mountainous valley
ONE part of the western Rhodope mountains rising above the valley of Nestos and you can make up there are some very nice walks .
The Museum of Natural History at Paranesti . It is small, but very modern and immaculate presentation flora and fauna in the surrounding area of the river. ( open every day except Mondays , tel : 25
The Museum of Natural History at Paranesti . It is small, but very modern and immaculate presentation flora and fauna in the surrounding area of the river. ( open every day except Mondays , tel : 25240-21010 ) .
Aniforiste to Ano and Kato Ioniko ( Xouseinkioi once ) to see the legendary castle of Kalyvia . During the Macedonians the Nestos was the natural boundary Macedonia and Thrace , and when Philip B ‘ defeated Odrysous (the second half of the 4th century BC ) reorganize the Nestos valley and built powerful castles like this in Kalyvia for control the strategic crossing. Aniforizete in Rhodope and reach surrounded by oaks and walnut plangent waters Karyofyto , one of the most beautiful villages.
Formerly called Kozloutsa destroyed in the Second World War by Bulgarians (the entire valley of Nestos was then under Bulgarian occupation ) , who in September 1944 executed 34 villagers together and the President of Bulgaria Koinotitas ! In Kato Karyofyto on the eastern edge of the village in a gully vathyiskioti will find a stone bridge of the 18th century , and near it a restored water mill and the remains of a Turkish mosque .
Enas fisherman maneuver his boat in the river below the Neohori .
Enas fisherman maneuver his boat in the river below the Neohori .
As she ascend through the beautiful landscapes with dense forests full of oaks and beeches , far to the east rise the peaks of the mountain Ampar Kagias which military maps as Ermario said . Higher arrive at Livaditi . Formerly called Xamintie after the release came here as refugees from Cappadocia .
The village was burned by the Bulgarians held in 1961 and returned six families and began to revive . Kapote 70 families lived here , but today just any 10’s people live permanently. Do not forget to pass by the famous coffee shop – grocery Uncle Antonis Xatzinikolaou around the wood stove which will see several travelers and hunters often .
The Upper Karyofyto .
The Upper Karyofyto .
Castle Kalyvia
Situated on a hilltop drowned oaks with spectacular views of the valley and mountains Nestos Basin . You will see impressive ancient ruins – gates , towers , ladders , ramparts etc. – But the top is the huge cistern shaped jar with a depth of 12.5 . diameter and 8 m are usually locked and covered with a roof . You will also see the gate of Priapus , which is called so because of the terrain here was God .
old Stavropol
From the beautiful old village houses that have survived until today worth discovering his home Torso , with enclosed balconies , ornate fireplaces and indigo plasters . Behind the square survives the movie ” Aristofaneion “, which indicates the old glorious heyday .
In the grocery-coffee shop Livaditi .
In the grocery-coffee shop Livaditi .
O station
O station maintains quite the charm of the old railway edifice . It was built in 1924 . From here late and the Orient Expres with ” KARVOUNIARI ” the old locomotive . The station of Stavropol and Komnenoi were large protests of tobacco in 1959 for the price of tobacco .
Folklore Museum
Includes an interesting collection of Stavros Karampatsaki housed in the beautiful building of the old tobacco tax authorities . There are old costumes , mikorantikeimena home , old tools , books and photos . (light : 0800-1500 daily , tel 25420 22260 ) .
Nestos : Escape to the great river
Tips pezopopous
Starting Galani calculate a couple two-hour hike to the source Kromnikou . After climbing the mountain and downloaded again to the river , near the Station Livera in about one hour . From there as the Stavropol estimate about 3.5 hours of walking next to the train tracks and through the Strait of Nestos . CAUTION ! Do not even consider hike in tunnels lens . It is extremely dangerous!
The ecosystem of the close
H region in an area of ​​23,800 acres at the Strait of Nestos is protected since 1977 . Straits live rare raptors such as the black vulture and many species of eagles , rare animals such as the otter and is generally a sensitive ecosystem that needs protection because it suffers from illegal logging and illegal hunting . The Strait of Nestos is the only region of Greece afflicting kastanochina .

   Περπατώντας στο παλιό μονοπάτι των στενών θα βλέπετε συχνά το τρένο να περνάει κάτω από τα πόδια σας.